ES 331/767 Abstract Instructions


Each student shall prepare an abstract, similar to this example, for course reports and presentations. An abstract is a condensed summary of the main topics covered in the presentation. The abstract should review the purpose, methods, data, analysis, and conclusions concerning the subject. A typical abstract is about one-half page in length. Good writing is expected with correct grammar and spelling. Choose a simple title, and avoid using jargon, contractions, abbreviations or acronyms.

The report should be accompanied by a short list of references, including Web-site URLs, which represent the primary sources of information. Give references in standard scientific style as shown by the examples below. You may want to include a few illustrations, such as maps, charts, or summary diagrams. These should be neat and legible with appropriate captions. Do not give tables of data.

Reference Examples

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ES 331/767 © J.S. Aber (2004).