Hardness (Mohs scale): 7||
Specific Gravity: 2.65
Crystal System: Hexagonal/Trigonal||
Streak: Colorless or white
Cleavage: Indistinct rhombohedral parting, but usually none.||
Habit: Commonly prismatic cystals with crosswise striations, and usually terminated in double rhombohedrons; also found as granular, drusy or massive.
Environment of Origin: Amethyst quartz, like all other forms of quartz, are found in most all rock types and environments: (as a) mineral, igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary.
Amethyst is an ideal stone for travelers, protecting against thieves, harm, sickness and danger. Medicinal uses for this gemstone include: relieving headaches, clearing skin complexion, and maintaining sobriety. Sobriety was maintain as long as amethyst was bound to the navel or when wine was drunk from an amethyst goblet. This gem also expelled poison, quickened the wits, protected soldiers, and cured gout.
According to the legend, Bacchus, in his anger, threatened a young girl who worshipped the goddess, Diana, with a tiger attack. Diana intervened, turning the girl, whose name was Amethyst, into clear stone. A remorseful Bacchus poured wine over the stone girl giving her purple glow.
Wearing amethyst was believed to increase business success, guard against witchcraft, and restrain sexual passion. It has been the traditional gem worn by the Catholic Church hierarchy. Paradoxically, it is known as Bacchus' stone and as the Bishop's stone. In the latter context, it was said to strengthen faith and aid prayer. It should be set in gold or silver for strongest effect.
Planets: Jupiter, Neptune||
Deities: Bacchus, Dionysus, Diana||
Powers: Dreams, Overcoming Alcoholism, Healing, Psychism, Peace, Love, Protection from Thieves, Courage, Happiness
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