Specific Gravity: 3.52 - 3.56||
Crystal System: Orthorhombic
Cleavage/Fracture: Perfect basal
Color: All colors are possible, with yellow the most abundant. Transparent colored varieties are prizes as gems. ||
Habit: Varying lengths of prismatic crystals with lenghthwise striations and occasional terminal faces; granular, massive possible
Environment of Origin: Topaz, formed at a high temperature, is commonly found in igneous rocks: granitic pegmatites, cavities in rhyolites, and hydrothermal replacement deposits.|
Golden topaz was believed to possess many virtues, such as friendship, a calming effect to anger, and guard against envy. Topaz powers preserved the wearer from "spiritual heats" and "all manner of love excesses." This calming influence extended to inanimate objects as well: it was used to cool boiling water and to quench thirst. Some prescribed powdered topaz, mixed with rosewater, to prevent bleeding; nosebleeds could be stopped by pressing a stone against the side of the nose. It was believed that madness could be cured by a dose of topaz and wine. As a guard against sorcery, topaz set in gold was worn on the left arm. It also was thought to cure cowardice, remove tumors, improve eyesight, aid digestion, and prevent sleepwalking. Mariners used topaz to provide light on moonless nights. Finally, topaz was believed to bring to its wearer long life, beauty, and intelligence.
Deities: Ra, Egyptian Sun God||
Associated Metal: Gold
Associated Stone: Tiger's Eye||
Powers: Protection, healing, weight loss, money, and love.
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