Greek: topazos November's Birthstone

Image created by M. Driessen, photo taken from: Cipriani and Borelli (1986).

Geologic Properties
Chemistry: SiO2·nH2O Specific Gravity: 3.52 - 3.56
Crystal System: Orthorhombic Streak: colorless
Luster: Vitreous Hardness: 8
Cleavage/Fracture: Perfect basal Color: All colors are possible, with yellow the most abundant. Transparent colored varieties are prizes as gems.
Habit: Varying lengths of prismatic crystals with lenghthwise striations and occasional terminal faces; granular, massive possible Environment of Origin: Topaz, formed at a high temperature, is commonly found in igneous rocks: granitic pegmatites, cavities in rhyolites, and hydrothermal replacement deposits.

Lore and Magik

Topaz, referred to as peridot or olivine in the past, was believed to be a specific protector of death, injury, physical and mental illness, negative magik (sorcery), envy and intrigue. It was used for making the owner invisible. It was commonplace to set topaz in gold and wear it on the left arm to increase effectiveness. As an amulet or medallion, topaz was thought to relieve anger, fear, aggression, greed and depression. When topaz is found in the home, it protects against fire and accidents; it is thought to relieve nightmares and sleepwaking if worn to bed or placed under the pillow. Medical powers include relief from arthritis, rheumatism, weight loss, and regulation of the digestive system. Topaz has a close association with gold, and together are believed to bring riches and love. The golden t

Golden topaz was believed to possess many virtues, such as friendship, a calming effect to anger, and guard against envy. Topaz powers preserved the wearer from "spiritual heats" and "all manner of love excesses." This calming influence extended to inanimate objects as well: it was used to cool boiling water and to quench thirst. Some prescribed powdered topaz, mixed with rosewater, to prevent bleeding; nosebleeds could be stopped by pressing a stone against the side of the nose. It was believed that madness could be cured by a dose of topaz and wine. As a guard against sorcery, topaz set in gold was worn on the left arm. It also was thought to cure cowardice, remove tumors, improve eyesight, aid digestion, and prevent sleepwalking. Mariners used topaz to provide light on moonless nights. Finally, topaz was believed to bring to its wearer long life, beauty, and intelligence.

Magikal Statistics
Energy: Protective Planets: Sun
Element: Fire Deities: Ra, Egyptian Sun God
Associated Metal: Gold Associated Stone: Tiger's Eye
Powers: Protection, healing, weight loss, money, and love.

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