List of Organisms
Tropical Field Ecology
Emporia State University

This is list is not an exhaustive list of the species that occur on San Salvador Island, but is a compilation of species that the two previous classes from ESU have seen and identified. We can reasonably expect to see most of these species on subsequent trips.

  • Algae
  • Flowering Plants
  • Sponges
  • Cnidarians
  • Ctenophores
  • Annelids
  • Molluscs
  • Arthropods
  • Echinoderms
  • Tunicates
  • Fishes
  • Amphibians
  • Reptiles
  • Birds

    ALGAE

    Chaetangiaceae Galaxaura oblongata bone algae Halimedaceae Halimeda incrassata disk algae Pencillus dumestosus Pencillus pyriformis Rhipocephalus phoenix ripweed Udotea cyathiformis Udotea occidentalis Valoniaceae Dictyosphaeria cavernosa rough bubble algae Ventricana ventricosa Polyphysaceae Acetabularia crenulata mermaid's wine glass Dictyotaceae Padina sanctae-crucis petticoat algae Stypopodium zonale iridescent banded algae Homotrematidae Homotrema rubrum red foram

    FLOWERING PLANTS

    Casuarinaceae Casuarina equisetifolia Australian-pine Aizoaceae Sesuvium portulacastrum seaside purslane Anacardiaceae Metopium toxiferum poison wood Asteraceae Ambrosia hispida bay geranium Bidens alba white beggar-ticks Borrichia arborescens bay marigold Bigoniaceae Tabebula bahamensis five fingers Boraginaceae Bourreria ovata strong-back Mallotonia gnaphalodes West Indian Sea Lavender Cactaceae Opuntia stricta common prickly-pear Caricaceae Carica papaya papaya Convolvulaceae Ipomea pes-caprae railroad vine Cruciferae Cakile edentula Caribbean sea rocket Goodeniaceae Scaevola plumieri ink berry Lauraceae Cassytha filiformis woe vine Leguminosae Calliandra haematomma red anneslia Malvaceae Hibiscus rosa-sinensis hibiscus Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana Mexican poppy Polygonaceae Coccoloba uvifera sea grape Rhizophoraceae Rhizophora mangle red mangrove Rubiaceae Antirhea myrtifolia shiny stenostomum Cassasia clusiaefolia seven-year apple Rachicallis americana seaside rock shrub Solanaceae Solanum bahamensis Bahama solanum Surianaceae Suriana maritima bay cedar Tiliaceae Corchorus hirsutus woolly corchorus Turneraceae Turnera ulmifolia Bahama buttercup Verbenaceae Lantana involucrata wild sage Stachytarpheta jamaicensis blue flower Amaryllidaceae Hymenocallis latifolia spider lily Cyperaceae Cyperus ligularis Caribbean sedge Gramineae Cenchrus incertus coast sandbur Uniola paniculata sea oats Thalassia testudinum turtle grass Palmae Cocos nucifera coconut palm

    BIRDS

    Ardeidae Egretta thula snowy egret Nycticorax violaceus yellow-crowned night-heron Columbidae Columbina passerina common ground-dove Cuculidae Crotophaga ani smooth-billed ani Emberizidae Coereba flaveola banaquit Dendroica discolor prairie warbler Mniotilta varia black and white warbler Vermivora celata orange-crowned warbler Falconidae Falco sparverius American kestrel Fregatidae Fregata magnificens magnificent frigatebird Mimidae Mimus gundlachii Bahama mockingbird Mimus polyglottos northern mockingbird Scolopacidae Arenaria interpres ruddy turnstone Trochilidae Calliphlox evelynae Bahama woodstar Vireonidae Vireo crassirostris thick-billed vireo

    SPONGES

    Chondrillidae Chondrilla nucula chicken liver sponge Spongiidae Ircinia fasiculata stinker sponge Ircinia campana vase sponge Ircinia strobilina black ball sponge Hippospongia lachne sheepswool sponge Haliclonidae Haliclona rubens red sponge Tedaniidae Tedania ignis fire sponge Clionidae Cliona langae coral encrusting sponge ??? Pseudoceratina crassa branching tube sponge Mycale laxissima strawberry vase sponge Niphates digitalis pink vase sponge Cribrochalina vasculum brown bowl sponge Xestospongia muta giant barrel sponge Aplysina fistularis yellow tube sponge Aplysina fulva scattered pore rope sponge

    REPTILES

    Iguanidae Anolis distichus Anolis sagrei brown anole Leiocephalus carinatus Bahama curly-tailed lizard Cyclura rileyi San Salvador iguana Gekkonidae Sphaerodactylus corticola Leptotyphlopidae Leptotyphlops blind snake

    AMPHIBIANS

    ???? Osteopilus septentrinatus Leptodactylidae Eleutherodactylus planirostris

    CNIDARIANS

    Sertularidae Gymnangium longicauda feather hydroid Sertularella speciosa branching hydroid Milleporidae Millepora complanata flat-topped fire coral Rhizophysaliidae Physalia physalis Portuguese man-o-war Ulmaridae Aurelia aurita moon jelly Cassiopea frondosa upside down jelly ???? Linuche unguiculata sea thimble Actiniidae Condylactis gigantea giant anemone Aiptasiidae Bartholomea annulata corkscrew anemone ???? Viatrix globulifera turtle grass anemone Zoanthidae Zoanthus pulchellus mat zoanthid Palythoa caribaeorum white encrusting zoanthid Briareidae Briareum asbestinum corky sea fingers Plexauridae Plexaura flexuosa bent plexaura Plexaura homomalla black sea rod Plexaurella dichotoma double-forked plexaurella Plexaurella grisea gray plexaurella Plexaurella fusifera Eunicea mammosa mammaillated eunicea Eunicea calyculata warty eunicea Eunicea lacinata Eunicea tourneforti Pseudoplexaura crucis Muricea muricata spiny muricea Muricropsis Gorgonidae Pseudopterogorgia americana slimy sea plume Pseudopterogorgia acerosa dry sea plume Pseudopterogorgia bipinnata bipinnate sea feather Gorgonia ventalina common sea fan Gorgonia flabellum Bahamian sea fan Pterogorgia citrina yellow sea whip Leptogorgia

    CTENOPHORES

    ????? Mnemiopsis mccradyi sea walnut Cestum veneris Venus' girdle

    TUNICATES

    Perophoridae Ecteinascidia turbinata mangrove tunicate Trididemum solidum overgrowing tunicate

    MOLLUSCS

    ??? Octopus vulgaris atlantic octopus Octopus briarius reef octopus Sepioteuthis sepioidea reef squid Strombus gigas queen conch Strombus raninus hawkwing conch Cyphoma gibbosum flamingo's tongue Littorina ziczac zebra periwinkle Echininus nodulosus false prickly periwinkle Codakia orbicularis great white leucine Phalium cicatricosum polished scotch bonnet Polinices lacteus milky moon shell Fissurella barbadensis Barbados keyhole limpet Acmaea leucopleura Cuban limpet Tellina radiate sunrise tellin Brachiodontes exustus scorched mussel Nerita tessellata checkered nerite Nerita versicolor variegated nerite Nerita peloronta bleeding tooth nerite

    ECHINODERMS

    Ophidiasteridae Linckia guildingii common comet star Oreasteridae Oreaster reticulatus cushion sea star Ophiochitonidae Ophionereis reticulata reticulated brittle star Ophiocomidae Ophiocoma echinata blunt-spined brittle star Ophiodermatidae Ophioderma appressum banded-arm brittle star Diademitdae Diadema antillarum long-spined urchin Cidaridae Eucidaris tribuloides club pencil urchin Echinometridae Echinometra lucunter rock-boring urchin Echinidae Tripneustes ventricosus West Indian sea egg Clypeasteridae Clypeaster rosaceus brown sea biscuit Scutellidae Mellita sexiesperforata six-hole urchin Mellita quinquiesperforata key-hole urchin Holothuridae Holothuria mexicana donkey dung sea cucumber Holothuria grisea gray sea cucumber Comatulidae Nemaster discoidea beaded sea lilly

    ARTHROPODS

    Cirripedia Lepas anatifera gooseneck barnacle Squillidae Gonodactylus sp. rock mantis shrimp Palaemonidae Periclimenes pedersoni Pederson's cleaning shrimp Palinuridae Panulirus argus spiny lobster Panulirus guttatus rock lobster Paguridae Petrochirus diogenes giant hermit crab Hippidae Emerita talpoida common mole crab Calappidae Calappa flammea flamed box crab Ocypodidae Ocypode quadrata ghost crab Cirolanidae Bahalina geracei Gerace's cave isopod

    ANNELIDS

    Amphinomidae Hermodice carunculata green bristle worm Eurythoe complanata orange bristle worm Terebellidae Loima medusa medusa worm Sabellidae Branchiomma nigromaculata black-spotted feather duster Serpulidae Spirobranchus giganteus Christmas tree worm

    FISHES

    Orectolobidae Ginglymostoma cirratum nurse shark Dasyatidae Dasyatis americana southern stingray Muraenidae Gymnothorax funebris green moray Gymnothorax moringa spotted moray Synodontidae Synodus intermedius sand diver Holocentridae Holocentrus rufus squirrelfish Holocentrus ascenionis longjaw squirrelfish Myripristus jacobus blackbar soldierfish Aulostomidae Aulostomus maculatus trumpetfish Fistulariidae Fistularia tabacaria blue-spotted cornetfish Sphyraenidae Sphyraena barracuda great barracuda Serranidae Epinephelus striatus Nassau grouper Grammidae Gramma loreto fairy basslet Carangidae Caranx ruber bar jack Caranx latus horse-eye jack Lutjanidae Ocyurus chrysurus yellowtail snapper Lutjanus apodus schoolmaster Lutjanus mahogoni mahogany snapper Haemulidae Haemulon flavolineatum French grunt Haemulon sciurus bluestriped grunt Mullidae Mulloidichthys martinicus yellow goatfish Kyphosidae Kyphosus sectatrix Bermuda chub Chaetodontidae Prognathodes aculeatus Longsnout butterflyfish Chaetodon sedentarius reef butterflyfish Chaetodon striatus banded butterflyfish Chaetodon ocellatus spotfin butterflyfish Pomacanthidae Pomacanthus arcuatus gray angelfish Pomacanthus paru French angelfish Holacanthus ciliaris queen angelfish Holacanthus bermudensis blue angelfish Holacanthus tricolor rock beauty Pomacentridae Pomacentrus leucostictus beaugregory Pomacentrus variabilis cocoa damselfish Pomacentrus partitus bicolor damselfish Pomacentrus fuscus dusky damselfish Microspathodon chrysurus yellowtail damselfish Abudefduf saxatilis sergeant major Chromis cyaneus blue chromis Chromis multilineatus brown chromis Labridae Thalassoma bifasciatum bluehead wrasse Halichoeres garnoti yellowhead wrasse Halichoeres bivattatus slippery dick Halichoeres radiatus puddingwife Lachnolaimus maximus hogfish Scaridae Sparisoma viridae stoplight parrotfish Sparisoma aurofrenatum redband parrotfish Scarus vetula queen parrotfish Scarus coeruleus blue parrotfish Blennidae Ophioblennius atlanticus redlip blenny Labrisomidae Labrisomus nuchipinnis hairy blenny Gobidae Gobiosoma evelynae sharknose blenny Gobiosoma genis cleaning goby Bathygobius spoprator frillfin goby Coryphopterus glaucofraenum bridled goby Acanthuridae Acanthurus coerulens blue tang Acanthurus chirugus doctorfish Acanthurus bahianus ocean surgeon Scombridae Acanthocybium solanderi wahoo Bothidae Bothus lunatus peacock flounder Balistidae Balistes vetula queen triggerfish Balistes carpiscus gray triggerfish Melichthys niger black durgon Aluterus scriptus scrawled filefish Ostraciidae Lactophrys trigonus trunkfish Lactophrys triqueter smooth trunkfish Lactophrys bicaudalis spotted trunkfish Lactophrys polygonia honeycomb cowfish Tetradontidae Sphoeroides spengleri bandtail puffer Sphoeroides testudineus checkered puffer Canthigaster rostrata sharpnosed puffer Diodontidae Diodon hystrix porcupinefish Diodon holocanthus balloonfish


    Last updated on 13 July 1995.
    Provide comments to Dwight Moore at mooredwi@esumail.emporia.edu

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