Natural History of Vertebrates Lab
Emporia State University


Taxonomy and nomenclature follows Collins (1990) except for changes given in Collins (1993).
Collins, J. T. 1990. Standard common and current scientific names for North American amphibians and reptiles, third edition. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Herpetological Circular 19:1-41.

Collins, J. T. 1993. Amphibians and reptiles in Kansas, third edition. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Public Education Series 13:1-397.

Kansas Herpetofaunal Atlas
You will be responsible for the classification from kingdom to species, its common name, and its general distribution in Kansas (part of the state). Plus you must spell all names or categories correctly.

The following web sites contain a wealth of information at the species level, including photographs; Frog and Toad Life Cycles of Lyon County, Kansas, The Herps of Texas, or the Animal Diversity Web. Use the "back" button in the top left corner to come back to this page.
Kingdom Animalia
   Phylum Chordata
      Subphylum Vertebrata
         Class Amphibia
            Order Caudata
               Family Ambystomatidae
                  Ambystoma texanum  (smallmouth salamander)
                  Ambystoma tigrinum  (tiger salamander)
               Family Salamandridae
                  Notophthalmus viridescens  (eastern newt)
               Family Plethodontidae
                  Eurycea lucifuga  (cave salamander) endangered
                  Eurycea longicauda  (longtail salamander)
               Family Proteidae
                  Necturus maculosus  (mudpuppy)
            Order Anura
                  Spea bombifrons  (plains spadefoot)
               Family Bufonidae
                  Anaxyrus americanus  (American toad)
                  Anaxyrus cognatus  (Great Plains toad)
                  Anaxyrus debilis  (green toad) threatened
                  Anaxyrus punctatus  (red-spotted toad) special concern
                  Anaxyrus woodhousii  (Woodhouse's toad)
               Family Hylidae
                  Acris crepitans  (northern cricket frog)
                  Pseudacris clarkii  (spotted chorus frog)
                  Pseudacris crucifer  (spring peeper) threatened
                  Pseudacris streckeri  (Strecker's chorus frog) threatened
                  Pseudacris triseriata  (western chorus frog)
                  Hyla versicolor  (gray treefrog)
                Family Ranidae
                  Lithobates areolatus  (crawfish frog) special concern
                  Lithobates blairi  (plains leopard frog)
                  Lithobates catesbeianus  (bullfrog)
                  Lithobates clamitans  (bronze frog) special concern
                  Lithobates palustris  (pickerel frog)
                Family Microhylidae
                  Gastrophryne carolinensis (eastern narrowmouth toad)
                  Gastrophryne olivacea (Great Plains narrowmouth toad)


AMBYSTOMATIDAE--five toes on each hindfoot; in general no gills as an adult; stout body dark colored above

SALAMANDRIDAE--five toes on each hindfoot; eyelids present; no gills; distinct longitudinal ridges on top of head; none to very faint vertical grooves on sides of body.

PLETHODONTIDAE--five toes on each hindfoot; no gills; slender body

PROTEIDAE--four toes on each hindfoot; eyelids absent; bushy external gills present throughout life

PELOBATIDAE--no parotid glands; toes distinctly webbed; enlarged black tubercle with free cutting edge at base of hindfoot

BUFONIDAE--parotid gland on neck behind eyes; skin warty

HYLIDAE--adults often small; tympanum often small and barely visible; discs often present on tips of toes

RANIDAE--tympanum prominent; no discs on tips of fingers or toes

MICROHYLIDAE--tympanum not visible; head much narrower than body; skin folded behind eyes to form a dorsal groove

Provide comments to Dwight Moore at
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