Natural History of Vertebrates
Emporia State University

This page contains links to videos and other similar sources.

Amphioxus -- "amphioxus wm" shows detail of internal anatomy of amphioxus through a microscope. (YouTube video: 2:29 min.)

Hagfish -- "Eddie and the Hagfish" describes movement, feeding, and mucus production. (YouTube video: 5:51 min.)
Hagfish -- "Hagfish predatory behaviour and slime defence mechanism" shows the slime actually deterring predation. (YouTube video: 3:30 min.)

Lamprey -- "Brook lamprey, mating...." shows the mating bahavior of several lampreys in an aquarium. (YouTube video: 2:54 min.)
Lamprey -- "Brook lamprey, Lampetra planeri. ..." shows nest construction and mating behavior in an aquarium. (YouTube video: 3:55 min.)
Lamprey -- "Paddlefish Parasites" shows larval lampreys, adult structures, and parasitizing paddlefish. (YouTube video: 3:00 min.)

Ratfish -- "Ratfish feeding" shows feeding behavior among algae on the sand. (YouTube video: 1:13 min.)
Ratfish -- "Spotted Ratfish (Hydrolagus colliei)" describes the morphology and life history of ratfishes. (YouTube video: 3:35 min.)
Ratfish -- "ratfish" shows feeding and swimming bahavior. (YouTube video: 4:47 min.)

Skates & rays -- "Spotted eagle ray (Aetobatus narinari)" shows swimming behavior and changing color. (YouTube video: 2:02 min.)
Skates & rays -- "Southern Stingray Swims" shows swimming behavior and a barjack swimming above it. (YouTube video: 1:18 min.)
Shark -- "World's Deadliest : Hammerhead Sharks" shows swimming and feeding behavior of hammerhead sharks. (YouTube video: 2:16 min.)
Shark -- "Grey Reef Sharks Mating" shows multiple mating behavior of the sharks. (YouTube video: 4:46 min.)
Shark -- "Whale Shark - BBC Planet Earth" shows feeding and swimming behavior. (YouTube video: 3:14 min.)

ballistiform -- "black durgon" shows the ballistiform type of locomotion. (YouTube video: 0:32 min.)
labriform -- "A parrotfish at El Fanadir Foc, Hurghada-Egypt (Red Sea)" shows the labriform type of locomotion. (YouTube video: 0:25 min.)
anguillaform -- "European eel, Anguilla anguilla, swimming in Steffensen Mk. II Swimtunnel" shows the anguillaform type of locomotion.(YouTube video: 0:11 min.)
mating -- "Orangethroat darter courtship and spawning" shows courtship, guarding behavior, and spawning. (YouTube video: 1:58 min.)

foraging -- "Bullfrog Hunts...Anything!" shows a bullfrog capturing a variety of prey animals. (YouTube video: 2:17 min.)
locomotion -- "Frog Jumps Caught in Slow-Motion" shows slow motion videos of jumping frogs. (YouTube video: 2:28 min.)
mating -- "Wood Frog Amplexus" shows explosive breeding behavior. (YouTube video: 0:11 min.)
mating -- "Frog Amplexus" shows mating behavior. (YouTube video: 1:00 min.)
mating -- "American Toad Amplexus" shows a pair of American toads laying eggs. (YouTube video: 0:30 min.)
mating -- "Overly amorous American Toad" shows the purpose of the release call. (YouTube video: 0:30 min.)

locomotion -- "TESTING HYPOTHESES: SALAMANDER MOVEMENT.avi" shows a salamander's eel-like movement. (YouTube video: 2:00 min.)
foraging -- "TESTING HYPOTHESES: SALAMANDER LIMB MOVEMENT.avi" shows a salamander's slow to medium speed walk. (YouTube video: 1:10 min.)
foraging -- "Fastest animals on Earth in slow motion - Animal Camera - BBC" shows a bolitoglossine salamander capturing prey (has several other very cool images). (YouTube video: 3:58 min.)
physiology -- "Circulation in the Oklahoma Salamander, Eurycea tynerensis" shows the circulation through the skin. (YouTube video: 1:22 min.)
foraging -- "mudpuppy eats goldfish" shows the capture and swallowing of the goldfish. (YouTube video: 4:00 min.)

locomotion -- "Ringed Caecilian in the Yasuni " shows a caecilian moving through leaf litter. (YouTube video: 1:03 min.)
foraging -- "Aquatic Caecilian Birth" shows a caecilian giving birth to live young. (YouTube video: 2:00 min.)

Provide comments to Dwight Moore at
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