Virus - A non-living infectious particle (parasite of a host cell). It is acellular.
Capsid - Protein coat
Nucleic acid - Either DNA or RNA.
Bacteriophage - A virus that only attacks bacteria.
DNA Viruses - Cause warts, sore throats, and smallpox, herpes, chicken pox, and mononucleosis.
RNA Viruses - Cause flu, mumps, measles and AIDS.
Kingdom Monera - Includes all of the prokaryotic individuals - the Bacteria plus the Cyanobacteria (used to be called blue-green algae).
Cyanobacteria - The only bacteria that is a photosynthetic bacteria that produces oxygen.
Prokaryotic - Cells that lack membranes around their DNA. Therefore, they have no true nucleus.
Endospore - A dormant stage that bacteria go "into" during unfavorable conditions.
Heterotroph - Get their nutrition from other organisms.
Decomposer - Get their nutrition from digesting dead organisms
Autotroph - Get their food by producing it themselves using photosynthesis.
Binary fission - The process of dividing in half to produce 2 new bacteria (they have no true nucleus).
Coccus - Cell wall is round shaped.
Bacillus - Cell wall is rod shaped.
Spirillum - Cell wall is spiral shaped.
Gram-negative bacteria - Do not absorb Gram stain because they do have an outer membrane covering their cell wall.
Gram-positive bacteria - Do stain with Gram stain because they do not have an outer membrane covering their cell wall.