Symbiosis - Where 2 individuals of different species form a relationship.
Mutualism (+ +) - This is where both partners benefit.
Parasitism (+ -) - This is where one partner benefits at the other's expense.
Ectoparasite - Live on the outside of the host
Endoparasite - Live inside the host
Commensalism (+ o) - This is where one partner benefits and the other gets no benefit or harm
Habitat - Where the organism can be found - its place of residence.
Niche - The role of the organism in the community.
Competition (- -) - This is where 2 species compete for a resource.
Competitive exclusion principle - Says that no 2 species can occupy the same niche at the same time.
Predation (+ -) - One species eats another species.
Herbivory - Eating plants.
Cryptic coloration - The animal blends in with the background and is difficult to see.
Flashing coloration - This is a very obvious coloration that distracts or confuses a predator.
Warning coloration - Bright colors that sends the message that "you don't want to eat me" because I will make you very sick.
Batesian mimicry - This is where a nonpoisonous species mimics a colorful poisonous species to gain a benefit.
Mullerian mimicry - When 2 or more toxic species mimic each other to gain benifit.
Biodiversity - Is a measure of the number of different species in a given area.
More diverse kinds of niches - Size - Large diverse niches can hold a greater number of species.
Tropical latitude - The closer you are to the equator the more species you find.