Chlorophyll - Green pigment for capturing light.
Cellulose - Polysaccaharide - makes up the cell walls of plants.
Nonvascular plants - Do not have tubes for moving food and water
Vascular plants - Have tubes for moving food and water
Xylem - Tubes for moving water and minerals
Phloem - Tubes for moving food (sugar)
Cuticle - Outer waxy covering on stems and leaves
Stomates - Little openings in the outer cover of the leaf which are not covered by the cuticle
*Bryophytes (Nonvascular Plants) - No vascular tissue so very short plants
Mosses and Liverworts - reproduce by spores
Sphagnum - A type of peat moss used in gardening.
*Ferns (Seedless Vascular Plants) - Have vascular tissue so tall plants that reproduce by spores.
Rhizome - An underground stem.
Fronds - The leaves of ferns
*Gymnosperms (Cone-bearing Plants) - Vascular plants. Spruce,firs and pine trees.
Ginkgo Trees and Cycads - Have naked seeds.
*Angiosperms (Flowering Plants) - Vascular plants that have covered seeds.
Flowers - For sexual reproduction.
Stamens - The male parts - produce pollen
Carpels - The female parts - produce eggs
Sepals - Leaf-like and often green, protect the bud.
Petals - Leaf-like and often brightly colored to attract pollinators.
Double fertilization - 2 sperm nuclei - One fertilizes the egg and forms the embryo. The other fuses with 2 haploid polar nuclei and forms the endosperm
Embryo - 2N - First fertilization - Baby plant
Endosperm - 3N - Second fertilization - Food for the embryo
Fruit - Ripened wall of the ovary that surrounds the seed or seeds.
Seed - Has a seed coat, embryo, and endosperm.
Pollinators - carry pollen (sperm) to the carpel (eggs)
Wind - Small green or white flower and odorless
Insects - They see blue, yellow, and UV, but not red. They also have a strong scent.
Birds - The flowers they pollinate tend to be red or yellow and have little or no scent.
Bats - They are attracted to flowers that are open at night, are usually white, and have a strong scent.
Link to Vegetable "fun facts"