Kingdom Protista & Kingdom Fungi

" I Think I see a Green Polar Bear - Those sure are Great Shrooms "

Kingdom Protista - 1 celled fungi, plants or animals (a few are multicellular).

          Eukaryotic - The cells have a true (membrane bounded) nucleus.

Protozoan - "Animal like" protists.

          Cilia, flagella, pseudopods - Structures used for moving.

Diatoms - unicellular "plant like" protists with a silica shell.

Kingdom Fungi - Eukaryotic, mostly multicellular decomposers.

          Decomposers - Digest and absorb nutrients from dead organisms.

          Parasitic fungi - Absorb nutrients from the body fluids of live hosts.

          Mutualistic fungi - Absorb nutrients from a host but also give back something to the host.

                    Mycorrhizae - A fungus growing on plant roots - seen in 90 % of plant families.

          Predatory fungi - Catch, kill, and eat roundworms.

Hyphae - filament or flattened "string like" body shape that grows underground.

          Filamentous - flattened "string like".

          Mycelium - A tangled network of hyphae.

          Chitin - Polysaccharide, that the cell wall of fungi is made of.

Spores - A minute, typically one-celled, "reproductive unit" capable of giving rise to a new individual.

Conjugation - Hyphae of opposite mating strains join and their is sexual reproduction.

Lichen - 2 species living together - a fungus and the other is a photosynthetic individual. Typically this is a green algae.

Penicillin - Kills bacteria

*Black bread molds - mostly terrestrial in soil and decaying matter. Most Mycorrhizae.

*Sac fungi - Unicellular Yeasts; Powdery Mildews; Molds; Morels; Truffles; Chestnut Blight; Dutch Elm Disease; Many are Lichens

*Club fungi - Mushrooms; Puff Balls, Rusts; Smuts

*Imperfect fungi - No sexual reproduction - Athlete's Foot; Ringworm; Penicillin

Return to Greg Sievert's GB 100 Syllabus
Last updated on 2 January 2018