Current Scientific and Common Names of the Amphibians and Reptiles in Oklahoma (157 Species and Subspecies)


Class Amphibia - Amphibians (58 Species and Subspecies)



Salamanders (24 Species and Subspecies)


Mole Salamanders

Ringed Salamander - Ambystoma annulatum

Spotted Salamander - Ambystoma maculatum

Marbled Salamander - Ambystoma opacum

Mole Salamander - Ambystoma talpoideum

Small-mouthed Salamander - Ambystoma texanum

Barred Tiger Salamander - Ambystoma mavortium

Eastern Tiger Salamander - Ambystoma tigrinum



Amphiumas

Three-toed Amphiuma - Amphiuma tridactylum



Mudpuppies

Red River Mudpuppy - Necturus maculosus louisianensis



Lungless Salamanders

Ouachita Dusky Salamander - Desmognathus brimleyorum

Dark-sided Salamander - Eurycea longicauda melanopleura

Cave Salamander - Eurycea lucifuga

Many-ribbed Salamander - Eurycea multiplicata

Grotto Salamander - Eurycea spelaea

Oklahoma Salamander - Eurycea tynerensis

Four-toed Salamander - Hemidactylium scutatum

Western Slimy Salamander - Plethodon albagula

Ozark Zigzag Salamander - Plethodon angusticlavius

Kiamichi Slimy Salamander - Plethodon kiamichi

Rich Mountain Salamander - Plethodon ouachitae

Sequoyah Slimy Salamander - Plethodon sequoyah

Southern Red-backed Salamander - Plethodon serratus



Newts

Central Newt - Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis



Sirens

Western Lesser Siren - Siren intermedia nettingi




Frogs and Toads (34 Species and Subspecies)


True Toads

Eastern American Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) americanus americanus

Dwarf American Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) americanus charlesmithi

Great Plains Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) cognatus

Eastern Green Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) debilis debilis

Western Green Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) debilis insidior

Red-spotted Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) punctatus

Texas Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) speciosus

East Texas Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) woodhousii velatus

Woodhouse's Toad - Bufo (Anaxyrus) woodhousii woodhousii



Spadefoot Toads

Couch's Spadefoot - Scaphiopus couchii

Hurter's Spadefoot - Scaphiopus hurterii

Plains Spadefoot - Spea bombifrons

New Mexico Spadefoot - Spea multiplicata stagnalis



Narrow-mouthed Toads

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad - Gastrophryne carolinensis

Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad - Gastrophryne olivacea



Cricket, Chorus and Treefrogs

Blanchard's Cricket Frog - Acris blanchardi

Western Bird-voiced Treefrog - Hyla avivoca avivoca

Cope's Gray Treefrog - Hyla chrysoscelis

Gray Treefrog - Hyla versicolor

Green Treefrog - Hyla cinerea

Spotted Chorus Frog - Pseudacris clarkii

Spring Peeper - Pseudacris crucifer

Cajun Chorus Frog - Pseudacris fouquettei

Boreal Chorus Frog - Pseudacris maculata

Strecker's Chorus Frog - Pseudacris streckeri



True Frogs

Southern Crawfish Frog - Rana areolata areolata (Lithobates areolatus areolatus)

Northern Crawfish Frog - Rana areolata circulosa (Lithobates areolatus circulosus)

Plains Leopard Frog - Rana (Lithobates) blairi

American Bullfrog - Rana catesbeiana (Lithobates catesbeianus)

Bronze Frog - Rana (Lithobates) clamitans clamitans

Northern Green Frog - Rana clamitans melanota (Lithobates clamitans melanotus)

Pickerel Frog - Rana (Lithobates) palustris

Southern Leopard Frog - Rana sphenocephala utricularia (Lithobates sphenocephalus utricularius)

Wood Frog - Rana sylvatica (Lithobates sylvaticus)





Class Reptilia - Reptiles (99 Species and Subspecies)




Turtles (19 Species and Subspecies)


Snapping Turtles

Eastern Snapping Turtle - Chelydra serpentina serpentina

Alligator Snapping Turtle - Macrochelys temminckii



Musk and Mud Turtles

Yellow Mud Turtle - Kinosternon flavescens

Mississippi Mud Turtle - Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis

Razor-backed Musk Turtle - Sternotherus carinatus

Stinkpot - Sternotherus odoratus



Pond and Box Turtles

Southern Painted Turtle - Chrysemys dorsalis

Western Painted Turtle - Chrysemys picta bellii

Western Chicken Turtle - Deirochelys reticularia miaria

Northern Map Turtle - Graptemys geographica

Ouachita Map Turtle - Graptemys ouachitensis ouachitensis

Mississippi Map Turtle - Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii

Eastern River Cooter - Pseudemys concinna concinna

Three-toed Box Turtle - Terrapene carolina triunguis

Ornate Box Turtle - Terrapene ornata ornata

Red-eared Slider - Trachemys scripta elegans



Softshell Turtles

Midland Smooth Softshell - Apalone mutica mutica

Western Spiny Softshell - Apalone spinifera hartwegi

Pallid Spiny Softshell - Apalone spinifera pallida




Crocodilians (1 Species)


Alligators

American Alligator - Alligator mississippiensis




Lizards (19 Species and Subspecies)




Iguanid Lizards

Northern Green Anole - Anolis carolinensis carolinensis

Eastern Collared Lizard - Crotaphytus collaris

Great Plains Earless Lizard - Holbrookia maculata maculata

Prairie Earless Lizard - Holbrookia maculata perspicua

Texas Horned Lizard - Phrynosoma cornutum

Prairie Lizard - Sceloporus consobrinus

Eastern Side-blotched Lizard - Uta stansburiana stejnegeri



Whiptails and Racerunners

Texas Spotted Whiptail - Cnemidophorus (Aspidoscelis) gularis gularis

Prairie Racerunner - Cnemidophorus sexlineatus viridis (Aspidoscelis sexlineata viridis)

Eastern Six-lined Racerunner - Cnemidophorus sexlineatus sexlineatus (Aspidoscelis sexlineata sexlineata)

Checkered Whiptail - Cnemidophorus tesselatus (Aspidoscelis tesselata)



Skinks

Southern Coal Skink - Eumeces (Plestiodon) anthracinus pluvialis

Five-lined Skink - Eumeces (Plestiodon) fasciatus

Broad-headed Skink - Eumeces (Plestiodon) laticeps

Great Plains Skink - Eumeces (Plestiodon) obsoletus

Southern Prairie Skink - Eumeces (Plestiodon) septentrionalis obtusirostris

Little Brown Skink - Scincella lateralis



Glass Lizards

Western Slender Glass Lizard - Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus



Geckos

Mediterranean Gecko (Introduced) - Hemidactylus turcicus




Snakes (60 Species and Subspecies)


Threadsnakes

New Mexico Threadsnake - Leptotyphlops dissectus (Rena dissecta)

Plains Threadsnake - Leptotyphlops (Rena) dulcis dulcis



Colubrids

Kansas Glossy Snake - Arizona elegans elegans

Western Wormsnake - Carphophis vermis

Northern Scarletsnake -Cemophora coccinea copei

Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer - Coluber constrictor flaviventris

Southern Black Racer - Coluber constrictor priapus

Prairie Ring-necked Snake - Diadophis punctatus arnyi

Mississippi Ring-necked Snake - Diadophis punctatus stictogenys

Great Plains Ratsnake - Elaphe (Pantherophis) emoryi

Texas Ratsnake - Elaphe obsoleta lindheimeri (Pantherophis obsoletus lindheimeri)

Black Ratsnake - Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta (Pantherophis obsoletus obsoletus)

Western Mudsnake - Farancia abacura reinwardtii

Dusty Hog-nosed Snake - Heterodon nasicus gloydi

Plains Hog-nosed Snake - Heterodon nasicus nasicus

Eastern Hog-nosed Snake - Heterodon platirhinos

Texas Nightsnake - Hypsiglena jani texana

Prairie Kingsnake - Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster

Speckled Kingsnake - Lampropeltis getula holbrooki

Louisiana Milksnake - Lampropeltis triangulum amaura

Central Plains Milksnake - Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis

Red Milksnake - Lampropeltis triangulum syspila

Eastern Coachwhip - Masticophis (Coluber) flagellum flagellum

Western Coachwhip - Masticophis (Coluber) flagellum testaceus

Blotched Watersnake - Nerodia erythrogaster transversa

Yellow-bellied Watersnake - Nerodia erythrogaster flavigaster

Broad-banded Watersnake - Nerodia fasciata confluens

Northern Diamond-backed Watersnake - Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer

Midland Watersnake - Nerodia sipedon pleuralis

Northern Watersnake - Nerodia sipedon sipedon

Northern Rough Greensnake - Opheodrys aestivus aestivus

Bullsnake - Pituophis catenifer sayi

Graham's Crayfish Snake - Regina grahamii

Gulf Crayfish Snake - Regina rigida sinicola

Long-nosed Snake - Rhinocheilus lecontei

Variable Groundsnake - Sonora semiannulata semiannulata

Texas Brownsnake - Storeria dekayi texana

Northern Red-bellied Snake - Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata

Florida Red-bellied Snake - Storeria occipitomaculata obscura

Flat-headed Snake - Tantilla gracilis

Plains Black-headed Snake - Tantilla nigriceps

Western Black-necked Gartersnake - Thamnophis cyrtopsis cyrtopsis

Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake - Thamnophis marcianus marcianus

Orange-striped Ribbonsnake - Thamnophis proximus proximus

Plains Gartersnake - Thamnophis radix

Texas Gartersnake - Thamnophis sirtalis annectens

Red-sided Gartersnake - Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis

Eastern Gartersnake - Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis

Lined Snake - Tropidoclonion lineatum

Rough Earthsnake - Virginia striatula

Western Smooth Earthsnake - Virginia valeriae elegans



Pit Vipers (Venomous Snakes)

Southern Copperhead - Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix

Broad-banded Copperhead - Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus

Osage Copperhead - Agkistrodon contortrix phaeogaster

Western Cottonmouth - Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma

Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake - Crotalus atrox

Timber Rattlesnake - Crotalus horridus

Prairie Rattlesnake - Crotalus viridis

Western Massasauga - Sistrurus catenatus tergeminus

Western Pygmy Rattlesnake - Sistrurus miliarius streckeri




Last updated on 5 February 2010

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