Current Scientific and Common Names of the Amphibians and Reptiles in Oklahoma (157 Species and Subspecies)

Note: In the list below other common or scientific names which might be found in field guides are included in parentheses.

Class Amphibia - Amphibians (58 Species and Subspecies)

Salamanders (24 Species and Subspecies)

Mole Salamanders

Ringed Salamander - Ambystoma annulatum

Spotted Salamander - Ambystoma maculatum

Barred Tiger Salamander - Ambystoma mavortium mavortium

Marbled Salamander - Ambystoma opacum

Mole Salamander - Ambystoma talpoideum

Small-mouthed Salamander - Ambystoma texanum

Eastern Tiger Salamander - Ambystoma tigrinum


Three-toed Amphiuma - Amphiuma tridactylum


Red River Mudpuppy - Necturus maculosus louisianensis

Lungless Salamanders

Ouachita Dusky Salamander - Desmognathus brimleyorum

Dark-sided Salamander - Eurycea longicauda melanopleura

Cave Salamander - Eurycea lucifuga

Many-ribbed Salamander - Eurycea multiplicata

Grotto Salamander - Eurycea spelaea

Oklahoma Salamander - Eurycea tynerensis

Four-toed Salamander - Hemidactylium scutatum

Western Slimy Salamander - Plethodon albagula

Ozark Zigzag Salamander - Plethodon angusticlavius

Kiamichi Slimy Salamander - Plethodon kiamichi

Rich Mountain Salamander - Plethodon ouachitae

Sequoyah Slimy Salamander - Plethodon sequoyah

Southern Red-backed Salamander - Plethodon serratus


Central Newt - Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis


Western Lesser Siren - Siren intermedia nettingi

Frogs and Toads (34 Species and Subspecies)

True Toads

Eastern American Toad - Anaxyrus (Bufo) americanus americanus

Dwarf American Toad - Anaxyrus (Bufo) americanus charlesmithi

Great Plains Toad - Anaxyrus (Bufo) cognatus

Eastern Green Toad - Anaxyrus (Bufo) debilis debilis

Western Green Toad - Anaxyrus (Bufo) debilis insidior

Red-spotted Toad - Anaxyrus (Bufo) punctatus

Texas Toad - Anaxyrus (Bufo) speciosus

East Texas Toad - Anaxyrus (Bufo) woodhousii velatus

Woodhouse's Toad - Anaxyrus (Bufo) woodhousii woodhousii

Spadefoot Toads

Couch's Spadefoot - Scaphiopus couchii

Hurter's Spadefoot - Scaphiopus hurterii

Plains Spadefoot - Spea bombifrons

New Mexico Spadefoot - Spea multiplicata stagnalis

Narrow-mouthed Toads

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad - Gastrophryne carolinensis

Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad - Gastrophryne olivacea

Cricket, Chorus, and Treefrogs

Blanchard's Cricket Frog - Acris blanchardi

Western Bird-voiced Treefrog - Hyla avivoca avivoca

Cope's Gray Treefrog - Hyla chrysoscelis

Gray Treefrog - Hyla versicolor

Green Treefrog - Hyla cinerea

Spotted Chorus Frog - Pseudacris clarkii

Spring Peeper - Pseudacris crucifer

Cajun Chorus Frog - Pseudacris fouquettei

Boreal Chorus Frog - Pseudacris maculata

Strecker's Chorus Frog - Pseudacris streckeri

True Frogs

Southern Crawfish Frog - Lithobates areolatus areolatus (Rana areolata areolata)

Northern Crawfish Frog - Lithobates areolatus circulosus (Rana areolata circulosa)

Plains Leopard Frog - Lithobates (Rana) blairi

American Bullfrog - Lithobates catesbeianus (Rana catesbeiana)

Bronze Frog - Lithobates (Rana) clamitans clamitans

Northern Green Frog - Lithobates clamitans melanotus (Rana clamitans melanota)

Pickerel Frog - Lithobates (Rana) palustris

Southern Leopard Frog - Lithobates sphenocephalus utricularius (Rana sphenocephala utricularia)

Wood Frog - Lithobates sylvaticus (Rana sylvatica)

Class Reptilia - Reptiles (99 Species and Subspecies)

Alligators (1 Species)

American Alligator - Alligator mississippiensis

Turtles (19 Species and Subspecies)

Snapping Turtles

Snapping Turtle - Chelydra serpentina

Alligator Snapping Turtle - Macrochelys temminckii

Musk and Mud Turtles

Yellow Mud Turtle - Kinosternon flavescens

Mississippi Mud Turtle - Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis

Razor-backed Musk Turtle - Sternotherus carinatus

Eastern Musk Turtle (Stinkpot) - Sternotherus odoratus

Pond and Box Turtles

Southern Painted Turtle - Chrysemys dorsalis

Western Painted Turtle - Chrysemys picta bellii

Western Chicken Turtle - Deirochelys reticularia miaria

Northern Map Turtle - Graptemys geographica

Ouachita Map Turtle - Graptemys ouachitensis

Mississippi Map Turtle - Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii

Eastern River Cooter - Pseudemys concinna concinna

Three-toed Box Turtle - Terrapene carolina triunguis

Ornate Box Turtle - Terrapene ornata

Red-eared Slider - Trachemys scripta elegans

Softshell Turtles

Midland Smooth Softshell - Apalone mutica mutica

Western Spiny Softshell - Apalone spinifera hartwegi

Pallid Spiny Softshell - Apalone spinifera pallida

Lizards (19 Species and Subspecies)

Glass Lizards

Western Slender Glass Lizard - Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus

Collared Lizards

Eastern Collared Lizard - Crotaphytus collaris


Mediterranean Gecko (Introduced) - Hemidactylus turcicus

Earless, Horned, & Spiny Lizards

Great Plains Earless Lizard - Holbrookia maculata maculata

Prairie Earless Lizard - Holbrookia maculata perspicua

Texas Horned Lizard - Phrynosoma cornutum

Prairie Lizard - Sceloporus consobrinus

Eastern Side-blotched Lizard - Uta stansburiana stejnegeri


Northern Green Anole - Anolis carolinensis carolinensis


Southern Coal Skink - Plestiodon (Eumeces) anthracinus pluvialis

Five-lined Skink - Plestiodon (Eumeces) fasciatus

Broad-headed Skink - Plestiodon (Eumeces) laticeps

Great Plains Skink - Plestiodon (Eumeces) obsoletus

Southern Prairie Skink - Plestiodon (Eumeces) septentrionalis obtusirostris

Little Brown Skink (Ground Skink) - Scincella lateralis

Whiptails and Racerunners

Texas Spotted Whiptail - Aspidoscelis (Cnemidophorus) gularis gularis

Prairie Racerunner - Aspidoscelis sexlineata viridis (Cnemidophorus sexlineatus viridis)

Eastern Six-lined Racerunner - Aspidoscelis sexlineata sexlineata (Cnemidophorus sexlineatus sexlineatus)

Checkered Whiptail - Aspidoscelis tesselata (Cnemidophorus tesselatus)

Snakes (60 Species and Subspecies)

Slender Blind Snakes

New Mexico Threadsnake - Rena dissecta (Leptotyphlops dissectus)

Plains Threadsnake - Rena (Leptotyphlops) dulcis dulcis

Harmless Egg Laying Snakes

Kansas Glossy Snake - Arizona elegans elegans

Northern Scarletsnake -Cemophora coccinea copei

Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer - Coluber constrictor flaviventris

Southern Black Racer - Coluber constrictor priapus

Prairie Kingsnake - Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster

Speckled Kingsnake - Lampropeltis getula holbrooki

Louisiana Milksnake - Lampropeltis triangulum amaura

Central Plains Milksnake - Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis

Red Milksnake - Lampropeltis triangulum syspila

Eastern Coachwhip - Masticophis (Coluber) flagellum flagellum

Western Coachwhip - Masticophis (Coluber) flagellum testaceus

Northern Rough Greensnake - Opheodrys aestivus aestivus

Great Plains Ratsnake - Pantherophis (Elaphe) emoryi

Texas Ratsnake - Pantherophis obsoletus lindheimeri (Elaphe obsoleta lindheimeri)

Black Ratsnake - Pantherophis obsoletus obsoletus (Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta)

Bullsnake - Pituophis catenifer sayi

Long-nosed Snake - Rhinocheilus lecontei

Variable Groundsnake - Sonora semiannulata semiannulata

Flat-headed Snake - Tantilla gracilis

Plains Black-headed Snake - Tantilla nigriceps

Harmless Live Bearing Snakes

Gulf Swampsnake (Gulf Crayfish Snake) - Liodytes (Regina) rigida sinicola

Yellow-bellied Watersnake - Nerodia erythrogaster flavigaster

Blotched Watersnake - Nerodia erythrogaster transversa

Broad-banded Watersnake - Nerodia fasciata confluens

Northern Diamond-backed Watersnake - Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer

Midland Watersnake - Nerodia sipedon pleuralis

Northern Watersnake - Nerodia sipedon sipedon

Graham's Crayfish Snake - Regina grahamii

Texas Brownsnake - Storeria dekayi texana

Florida Red-bellied Snake - Storeria occipitomaculata obscura

Northern Red-bellied Snake - Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata

Western Black-necked Gartersnake - Thamnophis cyrtopsis cyrtopsis

Marcy's Checkered Gartersnake - Thamnophis marcianus marcianus

Orange-striped Ribbonsnake - Thamnophis proximus proximus

Plains Gartersnake - Thamnophis radix

Texas Gartersnake - Thamnophis sirtalis annectens

Red-sided Gartersnake - Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis

Eastern Gartersnake - Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis

Lined Snake - Tropidoclonion lineatum

Rough Earthsnake - Virginia (Haldea) striatula

Western Smooth Earthsnake - Virginia valeriae elegans

Rear-fanged Snakes

Western Wormsnake - Carphophis vermis

Prairie Ring-necked Snake - Diadophis punctatus arnyi

Mississippi Ring-necked Snake - Diadophis punctatus stictogenys

Western Mudsnake - Farancia abacura reinwardtii

Dusty Hog-nosed Snake - Heterodon gloydi

Plains Hog-nosed Snake - Heterodon nasicus

Eastern Hog-nosed Snake - Heterodon platirhinos

Texas Nightsnake - Hypsiglena jani texana

Pit Vipers (Venomous Snakes)

Southern Copperhead - Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix

Broad-banded Copperhead - Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus

Osage Copperhead - Agkistrodon contortrix phaeogaster

Western Cottonmouth - Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma

Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake - Crotalus atrox

Timber Rattlesnake - Crotalus horridus

Prairie Rattlesnake - Crotalus viridis

Prairie Massasauga - Sistrurus tergeminus tergeminus

Western Pygmy Rattlesnake - Sistrurus miliarius streckeri

Last updated on 9 January 2015

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