Vertebrate Structure and Development
ZO 515 - 516
Spring, 2012

Instructor: Dr. Lynnette Sievert
Science Hall 163
Phone: (620) 341-5606
Office Hours: M 3:00 - 4:50; F 1:00 - 1:50
Class Time:Lecture: 11:00 MWF
Lab: 1:00 - 3:00 MW
Grading: Lecture exams 100 pts x 3 = 300

Comprehensive final = 150

Total lecture points = 450

Lab practicals and quiz = 200

Independent study = 50

Total lab points = 250

I will not be using the +/- grading system

90 - 100% = A; 80 - 89% = B; 70 - 79% = C; 60 - 69% = D; <60 = F

Missed exams can only be made up if you have a medical excuse. If you have to miss an exam for any reason, you must tell me before the exam. Due to the time required to set up a lab practical I will not be able to set up make-up practicals.

Course Requirements: You will be expected to attend class and laboratory.
Participation in dissection is required. You will be expected to come to lab and lecture prepared.

Course Goals:
  • Understand how vertebrate embryos develop.
  • Understand how the anatomy of a vertebrate is molded by its environment.
  • Develop an appreciation for how a vertebrate can adapt morphologically to meet environmental, evolutionary and physiological challenges.
  • Practice proper dissection techniques.
  • Learn and be able to identify the morphological components of the 7 classes of vertebrates.

Course Objectives:
  • Know the major taxonomic groups within the subphylum Vertebrata.
  • Compare the anatomical and developmental similarities and differences within the vertebrates.
  • Learn how adaptations to the environment have shaped the form of vertebrates.
  • Know the anatomical terms and body parts of embryos and adults through dissection in the lab.

Testing: All exams for lecture and lab will be held during the lab periods.
The first hour of the lab will be used for the exam and the rest of the lab period you may use for studying for upcoming lab practicals.

  • Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates
  • Photographic Atlas of Developmental Biology

  • Lab Manual (available on disk from Dr. S)
  • Study Bank (available on disk from Dr. S)
  • You will be responsible for providing your own dissecting kit.

Independent Study: These will be assignments given to you to augment lab or lecture and to allow you to independently explore areas of vertebrate structure and development not studied in class.

Dates of Interest:
  • Jan. 16: Martin Luther King Day - no class
  • Feb. 3: Last day to register for Feb. 25 CAAP Exam
  • Feb. 17: February Break - no classes
  • Mar. 14: Last day to register for Apr. 7 CAAP Exam
  • Mar. 28: Last day for automatic "W"
  • Lecture final: May 7 at 10:10

University Policy on Academic Dishonesty: Academic dishonesty, a basis for disciplinary action, includes but is not limited to activities such as cheating and plagiarism (presenting as one's own the intellectual or creative accomplishments of another without giving credit to the source or sources).
The faculty member in whose course or under whose tutelage an act of academic dishonesty occurs has the option of failing the student for the academic hours in question. The division chair should be advised of any action taken by the faculty member regarding academic dishonesty.
The faculty member may consent to refer the case to other academic personnel for further action. Divisions, schools, and colleges may have provisions for more severe penalties than are set forth above. Emporia State University may impose penalties for academic dishonesty up to and including expulsion from the university.
The student has the right to appeal the charge of academic dishonesty in accordance with the university's Academic Appeals policy and procedure as set forth in section 9A-04 of the Faculty Handbook.

Faculty Initiated Student Withdrawal: If a student's absences from class or disruptive behavior become detrimental to the student's progress or that of the other students in the class, the faculty member shall attempt to contact the student in writing about withdrawing from the class and shall seek the aid of the office of the Vice President of Student Affairs to help insure contacting the student. The office of the Vice President of Student Affairs shall provide the student information about the existing appeals procedures. Upon receiving a written report from the faculty member, the Vice President of Student Affairs may initiate a student withdrawal from the class. None of the above implies or states that faculty members are required to initiate the student withdrawals for excessive absence.
Lecture Schedule
Date Topic Chapter
Jan 11 Introduction 1 and 2
Jan 13 Protochordates 3
Jan 16 MLK Day
Jan 18 Gametogenesis 5
Jan 20 Fertilization 5
Jan 23 Cleavage and Gastrulation 5
Jan 25 Cleavage and Gastrulation 5
Jan 27 Extraembryonic membranes 5
Jan 30 Placentation 5
Feb 1 Hans Spemann's Experiment 5
Feb 3 Vertebrates 4
Feb 6 Vertebrates 4
Feb 8 Vertebrates 4
Feb 10 Integument 6
Feb 13 Mineralized tissue 7
Feb 15 Head Skeleton 9
Feb 17 February Break
Feb 20 Head Skeleton 8-10
Feb 22 Skeletal 10
Feb 24 Muscles 11
Feb 27 Muscles and Coelom 12
Feb 29 Digestive 12
Mar 2 Digestive 12
Mar 5 Feeding P. 178-180
Mar 7 Respiratory 13
Mar 9 Respiratory 13
Mar 12 Respiratory 13
Mar 14 Circulatory 14
Mar 16 Circulatory - Hearts 14
Mar 19 - 23 Spring Break
Mar 26 Circulatory - Aortic arches, fetal 14
Mar 28 Circulatory 14
Mar 30 Circulatory - Vessels 14
Apr 2 Excretory 15
Apr 4 Excretory 15
Apr 6 Reproductive 15
Apr 9 Reproductive 15
Apr 11 Nervous 16
Apr 13 Nervous - Brain 16
Apr 16 Nervous 16
Apr 18 Nervous 16
Apr 20 Nervous 16
Apr 23 Sensory 17
Apr 25 Sensory 17
Apr 27 Sensory 17
Apr 30 Sensory/Endocrine 17/18
May 2 Endocrine 18
May 4 Endocrine 18

Laboratory Schedule
Jan 11 Projecting Microscopes
Jan 16 MLK Day
Jan 18 Directional terms and Chordates
Jan 23 Chick whole mounts (18 - 33 hr) and amphioxus models, frog models, chick models, and mammal models
Jan 25 Chick whole mounts (48 and 72 hr)
Jan 30 Chick cross sections 33 hr
Feb 1 Chick cross sections 48 hr and Frog development cross sections Hatching Stage Cross Sections and Frog hatching sagital section
Feb 6 Lecture exam 1 (Introduction - Hans Spemann)
Feb 8 Chick cross sections 72 hr
Feb 13 Integument skin slides
Feb 15 Practical 1 (60 pts)
Feb 20 Skull, salamander bones, turtle bones , alligator bones ,bird bones , and cat bones
Feb 22 Skull
Feb 27 Bones lizard bones, bird bones and cat bones
Feb 29 Muscles - toad
Mar 5 Muscles - fetal pig
Mar 7 Lecture exam 2 (Vertebrates - Digestive)
Mar 12 Muscles
Mar 14 Practical 2 (50 pts Integument - Muscles)
Mar 19 Spring Break
Mar 21 Spring Break
Mar 26 Digestion and Respiration, Larynx model and Gallbladder model
Mar 28 Quiz 1 (10 pts) and Circulatory - hearts: Fish, Shark Torso, Frog, Turtle, Crocodile, Bird, Dog, Human
Apr 2 Circulatory - pig vessels
Apr 4 Circulatory - toad vessels
Apr 9 Lecture exam 3 (Feeding -> Reproduction)
Apr 11 Blood and Urogenital microscope slides Human Circulatory System
Apr 16 Nervous I: Brains: Lamprey, Shark, Trout, Frog, Alligator, Pigeon, Rabbit, Dog
Apr 18 Nervous II: Dissection - toad
Apr 23 Nervous III: Dissection - pig
Apr 25 Practical 3 (60 pts Circulatory -> Nervous III)
Apr 30 Nervous IV: Spinal cord, nerve model, frog brain slide and embryos; Sensory and Endocrine: microscope slides, Human Head Sagittal View, Sheep Head Sagittal View
May 2 Quiz 2 (20 pts Nervous IV, Sensory, and Endocrine)

Last updated on January 13, 2012
Provide comments to Lynnette Sievert at
Return to the Vertebrate Structure and Development Home Page at Emporia State University.